Top 3 Bronchial Problems and Treatments
Bronchial problems vary greatly in terms of both severity as well as the duration of the issue. The bronchi is basically a fancy term used to describe the large air tubes that lead from the trachea to the lungs. They are responsible for transporting air to and from the lungs.
In this article, we are going to talk about a few of the most common bronchial problems as well as their preferred methods of treatment.
Asthma is a very common issue that affects the bronchi. This is a chronic condition that affects about 1 in every 15 Americans. This particular condition causes the bronchial tubes to become inflamed and narrow, making it difficult for the sufferer to take in and release air sufficiently.
The most prevalent symptoms include:
Tightening sensation in the chest
Asthma can occur sporadically, but most often it is triggered by something. This trigger can be a number of things, such as over-activity, allergies, and even a dramatic change in weather.
Treatment often includes:
Medication that is breathed in using an inhaler device, which will help to dilate the bronchial airways for several hours. The type of medicine prescribed often depends upon the severity of the patient’s condition and whether they require long-term or short-term relief.
Daily medication in the form of a pill may also be used.
Bronchial infections are another common issue that most people have dealt with at some time or another. Most often, the symptoms are only mild and not long-lasting, however, a severe infection that has been left untreated may lead to compromised health and even the possibility of death.
Symptoms of a bronchial infection include:
Coughing (sometimes with mucous)
If coughing lasts for more than a few weeks or worsens considerably, it could mean that your body is struggling to handle the problem on its own.
Other symptoms may also develop, such as pain in the lungs, wheezing, and fatigue. Severe symptoms or a constant bronchial infection lasting more than a few weeks is often a sign that one should visit the doctor.
Prolonged inflammation of the bronchi could result in scarring which thickens the bronchi, along with other more severe issues. If the symptoms are not severe, treat the infection like you would a common cold (which is likely the culprit behind the infection in the first place).
Get lots of sleep, keep your fluid consumption up, and find a good over the counter decongestant medicine.
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is most likely to affect middle-aged people and the elderly, but it is still quite common. This is a progressive disease (in other words, it gets worse as time goes by) that causes coughing and excessive production of mucous, as well as difficulty breathing, tightness in the chest, and wheezing.
With COPD, the airflow in and out of the lungs is much less than it should be, and can be due to many reasons:
Airway walls become swollen or thick
An overabundance of mucous obstructs the airways
The air sacs attached to the airways loose elasticity or are destroyed altogether
Studies show that the leading cause of this disease is smoking. Exposure to airborne irritants such as chemicals, pollution, and even dust can also cause COPD development. There are currently no medication or other treatment available to reverse or repair the damage caused by COPD, however, lifestyle changes, such as quitting smoking, can help the person to feel better and slow the progression of this disease.
If you are experiencing severe symptoms of bronchial problems, make an appointment with your doctor for further tests and diagnosis. Depending on the diagnosis, your doctor may provide a prescription medication or a specialized treatment plan in order to rectify your health.